Common Online and Technology Vocabulary Words
 
Applets - A small java program that adds animations and interactivity to a Web site or inside your Blackboard classroom. An example of an applet is the Chat rooms.   
  
Asynchronous - Communication in which interaction between participants takes place at different times. Examples in the Blackboard classroom of asynchronous communication are Email and Threaded Discussions. 
 
Attachments - A file, such as a text, pdf or a spreadsheet is uploaded or connected in such a way that the recipient, using compatible software can open or download it. An example of where you might use attachments in the Blackboard classroom is in Assignment Areas, Threaded Discussions and Email.
 
Avatar - A computer user's representation of himself/herself, an on-screen image.
 
Bandwidth - The information-carrying capacity of communication channel, measured in bits per second. The higher and wider the bandwidth, the faster the signal transmission. Some of our students are on a lower bandwidth and as online instructors we need to be aware as we create content. For example, large video files and PowerPoints with large uncompressed images may be difficult for some students to download and view.
 
Blog - A blog is a journal that is available on the web. The activity of updating a blog is "blogging" and someone who keeps a blog is a "blogger." Blogs are typically updated daily using software that allows people to update and maintain the blog.
 
Blogging - Blogging is a frequent, chronological publication on the Web of personal thoughts and opinions. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order, journal style. 
 
Bookmark - An electronic method of saving a Web page's location for future access by a browser.
 
bps (bits per second) -  The speed at which data is transmitted over a channel, modem speeds are measured in bps. 
 
Breadcrumbs – a term used in Blackboard to indicate navigational links used to track where is a user is inside of the online environment. The breadcrumbs are located above the content frame.
 
Broadband - Signals in the fast ranges, used for personal communications services (PCSs) such as digital cellular phones and wireless Internet access. 
   
Browser Software - used to read electronic documents over the World Wide Web. It is important to perform a Browser Support Test before logging into the classroom to ensure the browser is Blackboard ready!
 
Cache - A temporary storage area to keep data available on a computer, making it accessible by Web browser software.  -
   
CAI (Computer-Assisted Instruction) - A teaching process that uses a computer to assist students in gaining mastery over a specific skill. -
   
Chat Room - A virtual space created by the computer software where participants can hold discussions, by typing in messages on their computers. This is considered synchronous communication since it is done in real time. 
 
Creative Commons Licensing - It allows students and educators to determine what rights they are willing to share when they post original images, graphics, audio, text or multimedia works online. Under the CC Licensing others can legally copy, distribute, display and perform work if credit is given.
   
Cross-Platform Software - that works on any platform or hardware such as a PC or Macintosh computer. Blackboard is cross-platform. 
   
Distance Education - Teaching and/or learning by way of communicating, or the process of providing instruction when students and instructors are separated by physical distance. 
   
Domain Name - A unique label for an Internet site such as https://yccd.blackboard.com
  
Download - This process brings files, programs or any form of data onto your computer from another computer via the Internet. You may be asking students to download an assignment document from the Assignments drop box and then uploading it back to the same place when it has been completed. 
   
E-Mail - Computer messages sent via the Internet of another computer network from one e-mail address to another. Blackboard has its own internal e-mail system and it is not necessary to know the personal e-mail address of students or faculty. 
   
Emoticons - Faces made by using keyboard symbols to be viewed sideways to add life to electronic communications.   
   
Encryption - Scrambling of data transmitted via the Internet, to ensure that only the recipient can decode and read it.   
   
Flame - An insulting or rude comment included in a discussion or chat. It is important to set the ground rules for discussions and encourage thoughtful and respectful communication in the online classroom.   
   
Frames - Web page layout in which different content appears on separate areas of the page. Blackboard uses frames to display content such as Course Tools and Course Content areas.   
   
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)  - A system for moving files from a distant computer to a local computer using a network like the Internet.    
   
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)  - A graphics file format used for illustrations, animated graphics and stills on the Internet.   
   
Home Page - A document with an address (URL) on the World Wide Web, maintained by a person or organization. This is the first page of the Web site.   
   
HTML - HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. The simple programming language used to create Web documents for display on the World Wide Web.
  
Hybrid - A course that contains online and face to face components. To be counted as a distance education course by the state of California it requires that 51% be delivered online or via the Internet.   
   
Hypertext - A document marked up with HTML to allow a user to click on a link to connect to another Web page.   
   
Internet - The Internet is a worldwide communications network. A worldwide network of computers that allows the "sharing" or "networking" of information at remote sites from other academic institutions, research institutes, private companies, government agencies, and individuals.
    
ISP (Internet Service Provider)  - A company that provides a connection from a computer to the Internet for its customers.    
   
JavaScript - A computer language used for the World Wide Web that allows interactivity to Web pages.    
   
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)  - A type of graphics format for Web pages that provides generally better quality for photographs due to its ability to handle more data.    
   
Link - A link is also known as a hyperlink; think of it as a navigation element in a document or in Blackboard to another place or activity. Another example, a link on a Web page can take you to another Web page when clicked with the left mourse button. Most commonly it is characterized by a blue underline.    
   
Listserv - An Email program or electronic mailing list that allows distribution of messages to many individuals in one mailing. To create a listserv there is special mail server software.   
   
Login - The name of an account to access a computer system such as ConnectColumbia or Blackboard. The login access usually involves a user name and password.    
   
Mailing List - A list of users who will receive copies of information on a particular topic that is distributed periodically by Email. It is also known as a distribution list that can be created in Outlook or other Emailing systems.    
   
MCU (Multi-point Control Unit)  - A computerized switching system that allows multipoint videoconferencing.    
   
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) -  A protocol that enables Email program to carry various types of data.    
   
MPEG (Motion Picture Experts Group)  - A protocol for compressing sound and movie files into a format for downloading or streaming over the Internet.   
   
Multimedia - The use of more than one medium in transmitting information in electronic communication, refers to the use of any combination of text, images, graphics, video, animation and sound.    
   
Netiquette - A set of generally accepted netiquette refers to standards of courtesy and guidelines for considerate conversation and behavior on Emails and the Internet in general.       
Network - A series of points connected by communication channels in different locations. A collective computer system that communicates and exchanges data among themselves.    
   
Online Course - An educational program whose primary delivery source is the Internet. The students do not have to meet face to face with other learners or the instructor.   
   
Operating System - A computer program used to provide basic services like file management, visual screen information, and mouse control. The two most common operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows and Apple MacOS.    
   
Plug-in - A program that adds extra functions to a Web browser. PDFs, audio and video require plug-ins, which can be downloaded from the Internet and installed on the user's computer. For example, Adobe Flash to view animations and videos and Adobe Reader to open and view PDF files.
     
Post - To send a message to a listserv, threaded discussion board, or Internet discussion group. For example: you and your students will be writing (posting) messages in the threaded discussions area to read and respond to.    
   
Protocol - A formal set of standards, rules, formats or systems that assure uniformity between computers and applications.    
   
RAM (Random Access Memory)  - Allows a computer to keep information stored for instantaneous access, as opposed to retrieving it from a hard drive, which takes more time. Information in RAM is lost when the computer is turned off.    
   
Search Engine - A Web site that hosts an indexed database of many of the Web sites in the world, to make searching them possible. There are single and meta-search engines.    
   
Second Life - Second Life® is a 3-D virtual world created by its Residents. Since opening to the public in 2003, it has grown explosively and today is inhabited by millions of Residents from around the globe. It has also been explored by educators for teaching opportunities. http://secondlife.com/   
   
Server - A computer or device that manages network resources. The term can refer to a piece of software, or to the machine on which the software is running. A single server machine could be running several different server software packages, thus providing many different services to users on the network.
       
Surfing - The term surfing the Web refers to moving from one Web site or page to another Web site.    
   
Synchronous - Communication in which interaction between participants takes place in real time. Examples in the Blackboard classroom of synchronous communication is the Chat Room and "Who's Online".   
   
Teleconferencing - Two-way electronic communication between two or more groups in separate locations via audio, video, and/or computer systems. May also be refered to as video-conferencing or video-broadcasting.    
   
Threaded Discussions - Threaded Discussions are online "asynchronous conversations" in which participants can ask questions, generate discussion, and share feedback and ideas. Threaded discussions allow you to create topics relevant to the course where users can post and reply to messages. Replies that are associated with the same post are grouped together, creating message threads that can be expanded and collapsed.  
   
Upload - Uploading in an online class refers to transferring files from a home computer, to a host, such as your online class.    
   
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)  - An address that specifies the location of a file on the Internet (http://www.blackboard.com).
     
Video Teleconference - A distance learning medium in which students and faculty meet at the same time and can see and talk to each other using video cameras, microphones, and the Internet or telephone lines to connect between sites. An example is the CCCConfir video conferencing software available to us to use. We can enroll in online courses or create, give and archive lectures for our online courses.
   
Webinar - A Webinar is a type of web conference. It can be one-way, from the speaker to the audience with limited audience interaction, such as in a webcast. Some webinars can be collaborative and allow full participation between the audience and the presenter depending upon the technology used.   
   
Web Site - A set of files on a computer hosted on the Internet that has information that can be viewed by a browser. A Web site is a collection of electronic pages generally formatted in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) that can contain text, graphical images, and other multimedia. 
 
Wikis - A wiki within Blackboard is a page, or set of pages, that can be collaboratively edited by the instructor and by the students.
   
WWW (World Wide Web) - The (World Wide Web) is a collection of text, pictures, sounds, video clips, graphics and other information arranged in pages and linked together via the Internet and accessed through a browser. 

Updated 1/30/11